What is thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis is blood clots that form inside the veins, usually deep in the legs. Thrombosis is diagnosed annually in 900,000 Americans and approximately 100,000 Americans die. The danger is that the clot can break off and enter the bloodstream. If it enters the lungs and blocks blood flow, it could cause serious injury or death. When treating it, different medications are used, including this one: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/klexane.

Symptoms
Common symptoms are swelling of the legs and knees. Redness and pain may occur at the site of the blood clot.

But the symptoms do not always appear, about half of the patients do not.

Lung embolism
Blood clots can enter the lungs and block blood flow, which can lead to breathing problems, low blood pressure, dizziness, heart palpitations, chest pain, and coughing up blood. If you have any of these symptoms, call an ambulance immediately.

Thrombosis reasons
Anything that damages internal tissues can cause thrombosis – surgery, injury, or immune problems. If the blood is thick and moves slowly, blood clots are more likely to form, especially if the vein has been damaged. In addition, genetic predisposition and high estrogen levels are affected.

Who is affected by thrombosis?
High-risk groups include:

those who have had cancer
those who underwent surgery
bedridden patients
aged people
smokers
overweight and obese people
those who sit a lot, for example, often fly on airplanes.
Pregnancy
Women are especially susceptible to thrombosis during pregnancy and in the first 4-6 weeks after childbirth, as estrogen levels are especially high during this time, which affects the formation of blood clots. The pressure of the enlarged urethra can also weaken the blood flow in the veins. Diseases of the blood greatly increase the chances of thrombosis.

Hormone therapy
Like pregnancy, birth control and menopausal medications increase the amount of estrogen in the blood, which affects the risk of blood clots.

Don’t sit for long periods
Traveling to new unfamiliar places is always exciting! But a long flight in a seated position is not.

Research shows that prolonged sitting for more than 4 hours doubles the chances of blood clots forming. It doesn’t matter if you are traveling by bus, train, plane or car. When you sit still for a long time, blood flow in your body slows down.

Diagnostics
Doctors look for signs of thrombosis. They may ask about drug history, close family members’ illnesses, and other things that increase the odds. The most common way to check for thrombosis is to have an ultrasound scan. Ultrasound allows you to “see” the blood flow and detect a blood clot. A blood test may be needed.

Antithrombotic drugs
These drugs are most commonly used to treat thrombosis. Anticoagulants or anticoagulants thin the blood to prevent blood clots. They cannot destroy the already formed clots, but with the help of them the body will be able to cope with blood clots on its own. Such drugs are in the form of tablets and injections.

Side effect of anticoagulants
Some people are more likely to bruise and bleed. While taking medication, you need to monitor your diet.

You may need to be tested frequently to monitor the quality of your blood. With injuries, it is more difficult to stop the bleeding.

Be sure to tell your doctor if the blood does not stop for a long time, even with minor injuries.

Internal bleeding
Thrombosis medications increase the risk of internal bleeding that you may not be aware of. Bleeding in the abdomen can cause pain, vomiting of blood or coffee, bright red or black stools. Bleeding in the brain provokes severe pain, blurred vision, unnatural movements, and blurred consciousness. If you notice at least one symptom, urgently call an ambulance.

Kava filters
If you can’t take anticoagulants or they don’t work, your doctor will recommend implanting a filter in the largest vein, the cava filter. It catches blood clots and prevents them from entering the lungs and heart. A kava filter will not prevent new blood clots from forming or cure blood clots, but it will help prevent pulmonary embolism.

Thrombolytics
Drugs that break down blood clots are called thrombolytics. They can provoke sudden heavy bleeding, so doctors use them only in emergency situations, when a blood clot enters the lungs and there is a threat to life. These drugs are used only in hospitals.

Compression stockings
These are special stockings that apply gentle pressure to the leg to maintain blood flow. They prevent blood clots and relieve swelling and pain at the sites of blood clots. Compression stockings are readily available in pharmacies, but doctors can prescribe stockings with a certain pressure. You can only wear them at home.

Put your feet up
Whenever possible, put your feet high. This will allow blood to circulate more easily from the legs to the heart, and the swelling and discomfort from thrombosis will disappear.

Long term effect
Even if the blood clot has resolved, unpleasant reminders of it may remain: swelling, discoloration of the skin, pain. These are post-thrombotic syndromes, sometimes they are observed within a year after the destruction of the thrombus.

Exercises
Tighten your muscles to improve blood flow. Especially the leg muscles. If you sit for a long time, get up more often, stretch and walk.

Regular exercise helps maintain a healthy weight and reduces the risk of blood clots.

Travel Tips
If you have to sit for more than 4 hours while traveling, do not wear tight clothing and do not drink a lot of water. Get up and walk in circles at least every two hours. If you can’t stand, stretch your legs. Tighten and relax your thigh muscles, raise and lower your heels and toes. Walk around as many attractions as you can when you get there!

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